However, the two are different concepts that are often muddled together as one. In this post I am going to look at what makes leadership & management different, and how they should be combined for the best of both worlds.
Management is a formal role within a business. The manager is responsible for the employees who work for them and must set and monitor goals that meet the aim of the business.
There is no formal role for a leader. The best managers are natural leaders but often an employee in the team emerges as a leader. In this situation it is important that the manager works with them to help spread the management message. When a leader within a team turns against the manager, dissent can soon spread.
Natural leaders are often internally promoted when they display their leadership qualities. Businesses feel that it is easier to promote an employee who already has the support of their team than bring in a new manager.
A manager is directly responsible to upper management and the business as a whole.
Leaders – unless they are also managing – are not responsible to anyone in a formal capacity but usually take responsibility for their own goals & for their followers/ team.
A good manager is able to keep both upper management & their team happy by providing solutions that benefit both parties.
Managers are able to rely on control over their team due to their formal position and backing from upper management. Employees know that challenging a manager means challenging the business.
Leaders have no formal control and so must earn trust to be able to lead. They have no formal authority to force other staff to act. Instead they must use their influence.
Good managers shouldn’t need to rely on control – their employees should trust their decisions.
Position in the Team
It is often said that you lead from the front and manage from the back. So are managers who lead somewhere in the middle of the pack?
I believe so.
Managers who lead must tread the fine line between all the differences in this post. They are responsible to upper management but should also be willing to put their neck on the line to support their team.
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